Publications

Refereed Publications

Phipps, M. L., & Murdock, T. (2014). Paul Petzoldt’s Sliding Middleman Snow Technique. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership. 6 (1). 68-76.

Troy, M., & Phipps, M. L. (2010). The Validity of Petzoldt’s Energy Mile Theory. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership. 2 (2). October/November. 245-259.

Phipps, M. L., Hayashi, A., Lewandoski A., & Padgett, A. (2005). Teaching and evaluating instructor effectivenes using the Instructor Effectiveness Questionnaire and the Instructor Effectiveness Check Sheet combination. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor learning. Vol 5 (1) 69 – 84.

Phipps, M. L. (2003). Group norm setting.  Mountain Rise Electronic Journal, Spring 1 (1).

Grube D., Phipps M. L., & Grube, A. J. (2002). Practicing leader decision-making through a systematic journal technique: A single case design. The Journal of Experiential Education. Spring 25 (10) 220-230.

Phipps, M. L., Tholkes, B., & Claxton, D. (2001). Outcomes assessment in health physical education and recreation. The North Carolina Journal. 37 (2). 31-37.

Phipps, M. L., Phipps, C. A., Kask, S., & Higgins, S. (2001).  University Students’ Perceptions of Cooperative Learning. The Journal of Experiential Education. Spring, 24 (1) 14-21.

Phipps, M. L., & Claxton, D.  (1997). An investigation into instructor effectiveness using experiential education constructs. Journal of Experiential Education. 20 (1) 40-46.

Tholkes, B., & Phipps, M. L.  (1997).  Cooperative learning in the college classroom. SCHOLE The Journal for Parks and Recreation Educators. Vol.12.

Phipps, M. L., & Cash, R. (1996).  Employee preparation in outdoor recreation. The Bradford Papers. Indiana IN: Bradford Woods.

Phipps, M. L. (1995). Moral and ethical decision-making. Adventure Education Journal, UK.

Irwin, C., & Phipps, M. L. (1994). The great outdoors and beyond; common threads in leadership training on land in the air, and in space. Research Proceedings of the Research Symposium for the Coalition of Education in the Outdoors. L. McAvoy (Ed). University of Minnesota.

Phipps, M. L., & McAvoy, L. (1988). Teaching and evaluating the soft skills of outdoor leadership. Outdoor Recreation Resource Journal, Canada, volume 3.

Phipps, M. L. (1988). The instructor and experiential education in the outdoors. Journal of Environmental Education. Fall.

Phipps, M. L. (1988). Experiential Leadership Education, a systematic training method.  Journal of Experiential Education. Spring, 11 (1).

Phipps, M. L. (1986). Experiential leadership education – teaching the soft skills of leadership. Adventure Education Journal, UK. 3, (4).  Also published in the 1986 National Outdoor Recreation Conference Proceedings.

 Phipps, M. L. (1985). Adventure – inner journey to the Self.  The psychology of adventure expressed in Jungian terms. Adventure Education Journal, U.K., 2, (4/5). Also published in the 1986 National Outdoor Recreation Conference Proceedings. 

Phipps, M. L., & Cain, K. (1984). Wilderness Education Association, one plan for U S certification and a comparison to British outdoor qualifications.  Adventure Education Journal U.K., 1,  ( 6).

Books

Phipps, M. L. Phipps, S. L., Phipps, C. E. (2017). Outdoor Instruction: Teaching and Learning Concepts for Outdoor Instructors. Port Charlotte, Florida: BookLocker.

Phipps, M. L., & Phipps, C. A. (2016). The group book: Cooperative skills for effective groups. Port Charlotte, Florida: BookLocker.

Phipps, M. L. (1976). Canoeing in Australia.  Melbourne, Australia:  Pioneer.

Book Chapters

Phipps, M. L. (2009). Using situational leadership theory and decision making in Teaching Adventure Education Theory: Best Practices. Christian Bisson and Robert Stremba (Eds). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Phipps, M. L. (2009). Setting group norms and expedition behavior in Teaching Adventure Education Theory:  Best practices. Christian Bisson and Robert Stremba (Eds). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Phipps, M. L., Raiola, E., & Singleton, D. (2005). Emergence and development of outdoor adventure education in North Carolina. Introduction to Leisure Services in North Carolina. 4th Edition. Paul Gaskill (Ed.) Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall Hunt.

Phipps, M. L., Raiola E., & Snyder, B. (1998).  Outdoor adventure education. Introduction to Leisure Services in North Carolina. 3rd Edition. Paul Gaskill (Ed.). Dubuque, Iowa: Kendal Hunt.

Phipps, M. L., & Swiderski, M. (1991). The soft skills of outdoor leadership. Adventure Education.  J. Miles and S. Priest, (Eds.)  State College, PA: Venture Publishing.

Phipps, M. L., & Phipps, C. A. (1991). Outdoor leadership – What style? The Wilderness Educator: The Wilderness Education Association’s Curriculum Guide. D. Cockrell (Ed.). Merrilville, Indiana: ICS Books Inc.

Phipps, M. L. (1991). Group dynamics in the outdoors – a model for teaching outdoor leaders (revised). The Wilderness Educator:  The Wilderness Education Association’s Curriculum Guide. D. Cockrell (Ed.). Merrilville, Indiana: ICS Books Inc.

Phipps, M. L. (1987). Group dynamics in the outdoors – a model for teaching outdoor leaders. High Adventure Outdoor Pursuits. 2nd. Ed. (Eds.) Meier, Marsh, and Welton. Columbus, Ohio: Publishing Horizons.

Other

Morgan, C., Phipps, M., L., & Tholkes, B. (2013). First Upper Nantahala River Recreational Water Release: A Whitewater Boater Experience Evaluation. Charlotte, NC: Duke Energy.

Tholkes, B., Morgan, C., & Phipps, M. L. (2012). Parks and Recreation Management at Western Carolina University. NCPRA News 66 (4). Winter, p.8.

Phipps, M. L. (2010). Spring use of the Western Slope of the Tetons. The Proceedings of the 2007 National Conference for Outdoor Leaders at Estes Park. Indiana University, IN: The Wilderness Education Association.

Phipps, M. L. & Hayashi, A. (Eds.) (2009). The Proceedings of the 2009 National Conference for Outdoor Leaders. Indiana University, IN: The Wilderness Education Association.

Phipps, M. L. & Hayashi, A. (Eds.) (2008). The Proceedings of the 2008 National Conference for Outdoor Leaders. Indiana University, IN: The Wilderness Education Association.

Phipps, M. L. & Hayashi, A. (Eds)  (2007). The Proceedings of the 2007 National Conference for Outdoor Leaders. Indiana University, IN: The Wilderness Education Association.

Phipps, M. L. (2006). Using a PERT Chart for planning expedition courses. The Proceedings of the 2005 National Conference for Outdoor Leaders.  M. L. Phipps and A. Hayashi (Eds). Indiana University, IN: The Wilderness Education Association.

Phipps, M. L., & Hayashi, A. (Eds). (2006). The Proceedings of the 2006 National Conference for Outdoor Leaders. Indiana University, IN: The Wilderness Education Association.

Phipps, M.L., & Hayashi, A. (2005). Application of leadership theories:  Examples from the Western Carolina University 2004 Teton course. The Proceedings of the 2005 National Conference for Outdoor Leaders.M.L. Phipps and A. Hayashi (Eds). Indiana University, IN: The Wilderness Education Association.

Phipps, M. L., & Hayashi, A. (Eds). (2005). The Proceedings of the 2005 National Conference for Outdoor Leaders.  Indiana University, IN: The Wilderness Education Association.

Phipps M. L., & Phipps, C. A. (2003). Using the Expedition Leader Style Analysis. The Proceedings of the 2002 National Conference for Outdoor Leaders. Paul Brawdy (Ed). Indiana University, IN: The Wilderness Education Association.

Phipps, M. L. (2002). Effective teaching in the outdoors. The Proceedings of the 2002 National Conference for Outdoor Leaders.  P. Brawdy and P. Luo (Eds). Indiana University, IN: The Wilderness Education Association.

Freidline M., Phipps, M. L., Moore, T., & Versteeg, J.  (Eds.). (2000). Proceedings of The 14th International Conference on Outdoor Recreation and Education. Boulder, CO: AORE.

Phipps, M. L. (2000). Book Review on The essential elements of facilitation: Theory and practice. The Journal of Experiential Education. June 2000 23 (1).

Phipps, M. L. (1999). Practicing leader decision-making through a systematic journal technique. E. Raiola (Ed.). Proceedings of the National Conference for Outdoor Leaders at Brevard. Radnor Lake, Nashville TN: The Wilderness Education Association.

Phipps, M. L. (Ed.). (1996).  The National Conference for Outdoor Leaders Conference Proceedings – Falls Creek Falls TN. Fort Collins CO:  Wilderness Education Association.

Phipps, M. L. (Ed.). (1994). National conference for outdoor leadership: Wilderness partnerships 1993 proceedings – Falls Creek Falls TN.  Fort Collins: The Wilderness Education Association.

Phipps, M. L. (1992). The Group Dynamics Questionnaire. The Proceedings of the 1992 WEA National Conference. Pueblo CO:  University of Southern Colorado.

Cash, R., & Phipps, M. L., (Eds.). (1992). Advancing the Profession. The 1991 National Conference for Outdoor Leaders – Public, Commercial, and Non-profit Partnerships in Outdoor Recreation. Gunnison, CO: Western State College of Colorado.

Phipps, M. L. & Phipps, C. A. (1992). Expedition leader style analysis (ELSA).  The Proceedings of the1991 National Conference for Outdoor Leaders, Public, Commercial, and Non-profit Partnerships in Outdoor Recreation. R. Cash and M. Phipps, (Eds.). Gunnison Colorado: Western State College of Colorado.

Phipps, M. L. (1992). Educating the leader in the use of leadership styles to enable greater motivation of followers. The Proceedings of the 1991 National Conference for Outdoor Leaders, Public, Commercial, and Non-profit Partnerships in Outdoor Recreation.  R. Cash and M. Phipps, (Eds.). Gunnison Colorado: Western State College of Colorado.

Phipps, M. L., & Cash, R. (Eds.). (1991). Employee preparation in outdoor recreation toward 2001. 1990 National Conference for Outdoor Leaders – Public, Commercial and Non-profit Partnerships in Outdoor Recreation. Gunnison, CO: Western State College of Colorado.

Phipps, M. L. (1991). Definitions and other associated terminology. The Proceedings of the 1990 National Conference for Outdoor Leaders – Public, Commercial, and Non-profit Partnerships in Outdoor Recreation.  (Eds M. Phipps and R. Cash). Gunnison Co: Western State College of Colorado.

Phipps, M. L. (1990). The myth and magic of Star Wars – a Jungian Interpretation.  ERIC Document.

Phipps, M. L. (1990). The National Amateur Sports Institute curriculum guide. Blaine, MN:  Minnesota Amateur Sports Commission.

Johnson, B., & Phipps, M. L. (1990). Alternate recreation activities offered at Colorado ski resorts and their possible effects on the integration of tourism and recreation within mountain communities.  Denver, CO: Colorado Ski Country USA.

Phipps, M. L., & Yoshioka, C., & Jamieson, L. (1989). The measurement of group-centered/leader- centered leadership styles of four leisure profession supervisors using a time-series design. Proceedings of the10th Annual Intermountain Leisure Symposium, Provo, Utah.

Phipps, M. L. (1986). An assessment of a systematic approach to teaching outdoor leadership in expedition settings. Doctoral Dissertation 268pp. University of Minnesota, Dissertation Abstracts 8622633.

Phipps, M. L. (1985). Group dynamics in the outdoors – a model for teaching outdoor leaders. in the National Conference in Outdoor Recreation at Bozeman, Montana. Also  included in the 2nd. Edition of High Adventure Outdoor Pursuits. (Eds.) Meier, Marsh, and Welton. Columbus, Ohio: Publishing Horizons, 1987.

Bankie B., Bankie, E. L., McInnes, J., Oelslager, L., & Phipps, M. L. (1984).  A brief review of psychological theories and counseling techniques for outdoor leaders. Experiential Education Department, Mankato State University, 46pp.  ERIC Document ED 244752.